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有史以来最伟大的头脑榜单

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发表于 2016-12-8 23:47:47 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
有史以来最伟大的头脑榜单
武夷山
   这是美国“排行”网站投票投出的“有史以来最伟大的头脑50人”榜单(http://www.ranker.com/list/great ... -time/walter-graves)。由于投票者基本上是美国人,只有孔子一个中国人上榜。但从这个榜单可以看出,普通美国人心目中的头脑伟人大概是什么样。榜单中的“加号”栏表示,有多少人认为此人的名次应该往前提;“减号”栏表示,有多少人认为此人的名次应该往下降。多数人的意见与原来的榜单一致,有个别例外,比如,较多的投票者认为,华盛顿在榜单上的位置太高了。







  • 1

    +
    9,690

    -
    2,231



    the people's #1&most listed
    [color=black !important]Leonardo da Vinci
    利奥纳多. 达. 芬奇Died at 67 (1452-1519)Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci was an Italian polymath, painter, sculptor, architect, musician, mathematician, engineer, inventor, anatomist, geologist, cartographer, botanist, and writer. He is

    ;
  • 2

    +
    8,235

    -
    1,940




    [color=black !important]Isaac Newton
    牛顿Died at 84 (1643-1727)Sir Isaac Newton PRS MP was an English physicist and mathematician who is widely recognised as one of the most influential scientists of all time and as a key figure in the scientific revolution. His

    ;
  • 3

    +
    8,649

    -
    3,357




    [color=black !important]Albert Einstein
    爱因斯坦Died at 76 (1879-1955)Albert Einstein was a German-born theoretical physicist. Einstein's work is also known for its influence on the philosophy of science. He developed the general theory of relativity, one of the two

    ;
  • 4

    +
    5,821

    -
    1,500




    [color=black !important]Galileo Galilei
    伽利略Died at 78 (1564-1642)Galileo Galilei, often known mononymously as Galileo, was an Italian physicist, mathematician, engineer, astronomer, and philosopher who played a major role in the scientific revolution during the

    ;
  • 5

    +
    5,021

    -
    1,693




    [color=black !important]Plato
    柏拉图Plato was a philosopher, as well as mathematician, in Classical Greece. He is considered an essential figure in the development of philosophy, especially the Western tradition, and he founded the

    ;


  • 6

    +
    4,845

    -
    1,526




    [color=black !important]Aristotle
    亚里士多德Died at 62 (383 BC-321 BC)Aristotle was a Greek philosopher and scientist born in the Macedonian city of Stagira, Chalkidice, on the northern periphery of Classical Greece. His father, Nicomachus, died when Aristotle was a

    ;
  • 7

    +
    4,325

    -
    1,931



    often listed
    [color=black !important]Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    莫扎特Died at 35 (1756-1791)Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, baptised as Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart, was a prolific and influential composer of the Classical era. Mozart showed prodigious ability from his

    ;
  • 8

    +
    7,206

    -
    1,780



    ranked low on reranks
    [color=black !important]Nikola Tesla
    特斯拉Died at 87 (1856-1943)Nikola Tesla was a Serbian American inventor, electrical engineer, mechanical engineer, physicist, and futurist best known for his contributions to the design of the modern alternating current

    ;
  • 9

    +
    4,022

    -
    1,124




    [color=black !important]Archimedes
    阿基米德Archimedes of Syracuse was an Ancient Greek mathematician, physicist, engineer, inventor, and astronomer. Although few details of his life are known, he is regarded as one of the leading scientists in

    ;
  • 10

    +
    4,042

    -
    2,014



    often listed&ranked high on reranks
    [color=black !important]Charles Darwin
    达尔文Died at 73 (1809-1882)Charles Robert Darwin, FRS was an English naturalist and geologist, best known for his contributions to evolutionary theory. He established that all species of life have descended over time from

    ;
  • 11

    +
    3,675

    -
    1,266



    ranked low on reranks
    [color=black !important]Marie Curie
    居里夫人Died at 67 (1867-1934)Marie Skłodowska-Curie was a Polish and naturalized-French physicist and chemist who conducted pioneering research on radioactivity. She was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, the first person and

    ;
  • 12

    +
    3,276

    -
    1,567



    often listed
    [color=black !important]William Shakespeare
    莎士比亚Died at 52 (1564-1616)William Shakespeare was an English poet, playwright, and actor, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world's pre-eminent dramatist. He is often called England's

    ;
  • 13

    +
    3,430

    -
    1,013



    ranked low on reranks
    [color=black !important]Michelangelo
    米开朗基罗Died at 89 (1475-1564)Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni, commonly known as Michelangelo, was an Italian sculptor, painter, architect, poet, and engineer of the High Renaissance who exerted an unparalleled

    ;
  • 14

    +
    2,720

    -
    1,034



    often listed&ranked high on reranks
    [color=black !important]Johann Sebastian Bach
    巴赫Died at 65 (1685-1750)Johann Sebastian Bach was a German composer and musician of the Baroque period. He enriched established German styles through his skill in counterpoint, harmonic and motivic organisation, and the

    ;
  • 15

    +
    2,668

    -
    675



    ranked low on reranks
    [color=black !important]Pythagoras
    毕达哥拉斯Pythagoras of Samos was an Ionian Greek philosopher, mathematician, and founder of the religious movement called Pythagoreanism. Most of the information about Pythagoras was written down centuries

    ;


  • 16

    +
    2,881

    -
    805




    [color=black !important]Socrates
    苏格拉底Socrates was a classical Greek philosopher credited as one of the founders of Western philosophy. He is an enigmatic figure known chiefly through the accounts of classical writers, especially the

    ;
  • 17

    +
    2,282

    -
    765




    [color=black !important]Johannes Kepler
    开普勒Died at 59 (1571-1630)Johannes Kepler was a German mathematician, astronomer, and astrologer. A key figure in the 17th century scientific revolution, he is best known for his laws of planetary motion, based on his works

    ;
  • 18

    +
    2,820

    -
    850




    [color=black !important]Ludwig van Beethoven
    贝多芬Died at 57 (1770-1827)Ludwig van Beethoven was a German composer and pianist. A crucial figure in the transition between the Classical and Romantic eras in Western art music, he remains one of the most famous and

    ;
  • 19

    +
    1,994

    -
    920



    often listed
    [color=black !important]Immanuel Kant
    康德Died at 80 (1724-1804)Immanuel Kant was a German philosopher who is widely considered to be a central figure of modern philosophy. He argued that fundamental concepts structure human experience, and that reason is the

    ;
  • 20

    +
    3,318

    -
    1,614




    [color=black !important]Stephen Hawking
    史蒂芬. 霍金age 73Stephen William Hawking CH CBE FRS FRSA is an English theoretical physicist, cosmologist, author and Director of Research at the Centre for Theoretical Cosmology within the University of Cambridge.

    ;
  • 21

    +
    2,107

    -
    664




    [color=black !important]Nicolaus Copernicus
    哥白尼Died at 70 (1473-1543)Nicolaus Copernicus was a Renaissance mathematician and astronomer who formulated a model of the universe that placed the Sun rather than the Earth at its center. The publication of this model in his

    ;
  • 22

    +
    2,492

    -
    954




    [color=black !important]Benjamin Franklin
    本杰明.富兰克林Died at 84 (1706-1790)Benjamin Franklin FRS was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. A renowned polymath, Franklin was a leading author, printer, political theorist, politician, postmaster, scientist,

    ;
  • 23

    +
    1,577

    -
    769




    [color=black !important]Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
    歌德Died at 83 (1749-1832)Johann Wolfgang von Goethe was a German writer and statesman. His body of work includes epic and lyric poetry written in a variety of metres and styles; prose and verse dramas; memoirs; an

    ;
  • 24

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    1,527

    -
    702




    [color=black !important]Homer
    荷马Homerus, best known as his anglicised name Homer, is the author of the Iliad and the Odyssey. He was believed by the ancient Greeks to have been the first and greatest of the epic poets. Author of the

    ;
  • 25

    +
    1,422

    -
    491



    ranked low on reranks &added by Polar Bear
    [color=black !important]Max Planck
    马克斯. 普朗克Died at 89 (1858-1947)Physicist,Quantum theory and thermodynamics were greatly enriched by his work. Probably the scientist of the 20th century. Einstein himself said so. He was a friend of

    ;


  • 26

    +
    1,885

    -
    945




    [color=black !important]Friedrich Nietzsche
    尼采Died at 56 (1844-1900)Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche was a German philosopher, cultural critic, poet, composer and Latin and Greek scholar. He wrote several critical texts on religion, morality, contemporary culture,

    ;
  • 27

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    1,164

    -
    606




    [color=black !important]Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz
    莱布尼茨Died at 70 (1646-1716)Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz was a German polymath and philosopher. He occupies a prominent place in the history of mathematics and the history of philosophy. Most scholars believe Leibniz developed

    ;
  • 28

    +
    1,264

    -
    534




    [color=black !important]Hippocrates
    希波克拉底Died at 83 (459 BC-376 BC)Hippocrates of Kos, was a Greek physician of the Age of Pericles, and is considered one of the most outstanding figures in the history of medicine. He is referred to as the "Father of Western

    ;
  • 29

    +
    1,803

    -
    951




    [color=black !important]Thomas Jefferson
    托马斯. 杰夫逊Died at 83 (1743-1826)Thomas Jefferson was an American Founding Father, the principal author of the Declaration of Independence, and the third President of the United States. He was a spokesman for democracy, and embraced

    ;
  • 30

    +
    1,493

    -
    737




    [color=black !important]Confucius
    孔子Died at 72 (550 BC-478 BC)Confucius was a Chinese teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn period of Chinese history. The philosophy of Confucius emphasized personal and governmental morality,

    ;
  • 31

    +
    1,876

    -
    1,376



    often listed&ranked high on reranks
    [color=black !important]Thomas Edison
    爱迪生Died at 84 (1847-1931)Thomas Alva Edison was an American inventor and businessman. He developed many devices that greatly influenced life around the world, including the phonograph, the motion picture camera, and a

    ;
  • 32

    +
    684

    -
    356



    added by sebbzor
    [color=black !important]Johannes Gutenberg
    古腾堡Died at 70 (1398-1468)Johannes Gensfleisch zur Laden zum Gutenberg was a German blacksmith, goldsmith, printer, and publisher who introduced printing to Europe. His invention of mechanical movable type printing started the

    ;
  • 33

    +
    930

    -
    528



    added by sudeeshab
    [color=black !important]Leo Tolstoy
    列夫. 托尔斯泰Died at 82 (1828-1910)Count Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy, commonly referred to as Leo Tolstoy, was a Russian novelist, short story writer, essayist, playwright and philosopher who primarily wrote novels and short stories.

    ;
  • 34

    +
    1,278

    -
    655




    [color=black !important]Voltaire
    伏尔泰Died at 84 (1694-1778)François-Marie Arouet, known by his nom de plume Voltaire, was a French Enlightenment writer, historian, and philosopher famous for his wit, his attacks on the established Catholic Church, and

    ;
  • 35

    +
    834

    -
    330




    [color=black !important]Carl Friedrich Gauss
    高斯Died at 78 (1777-1855)Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss was a German mathematician who contributed significantly to many fields, including number theory, algebra, statistics, analysis, differential geometry, geodesy, geophysics,

    ;


  • 36

    +
    895

    -
    488




    [color=black !important]Sophocles
    索福克勒斯,古希腊三大悲剧作家之一

    :Sophocles is one of three ancient Greek tragedians whose plays have survived. His first plays were written later than those of Aeschylus, and earlier than or contemporary with those of Euripides. According to the Suda, a 10th-century encyclopedia, Sophocles wrote 123 plays during the course of his life, but only seven have survived in a complete form: Ajax, Antigone, The Women of Trachis, Oedipus the King, Electra, Philoctetes and Oedipus at Colonus. For almost 50 years, Sophocles was the most-f…more


  • 37

    +
    902

    -
    972



    often listed &added by Obamasux44X
    [color=black !important]George Washington
    华盛顿Died at 67 (1732-1799)George Washington was the first President of the United States, the Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, and one of the Founding Fathers of the United

    ;
  • 38

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    2,995

    -
    1,773



    added by GarryMarley
    [color=black !important]Jesus of Nazareth
    耶稣4 B.C - 30 A.D.

    ;
  • 39

    +
    860

    -
    476




    [color=black !important]Euripides
    欧里庇得斯,古希腊三大悲剧大师之一Died at 74 (479 BC-405 BC)Euripides was a tragedian of classical Athens. He is one of the three whose plays have survived, with the other two being Aeschylus and Sophocles. Some ancient scholars attributed ninety-five plays to

    ;
  • 40

    +
    1,136

    -
    931



    often listed &added by GarryMarley
    [color=black !important]Martin Luther
    马丁. 路德Died at 63 (1483-1546)Martin Luther was a German friar, priest and professor of theology who was a seminal figure in the Protestant Reformation. Initially an Augustinian friar, Luther came to reject several teachings and

    ;
  • 41

    +
    1,092

    -
    525




    [color=black !important]René Descartes
    笛卡尔Died at 54 (1596-1650)René Descartes was a French philosopher, mathematician and writer who spent most of his life in the Dutch Republic. He has been dubbed the father of modern philosophy, and much subsequent

    ;
  • 42

    +
    1,010

    -
    537



    added by Srinidhi S U
    [color=black !important]Gregor Mendel
    孟德尔Died at 62 (1822-1884)Gregor Johann Mendel was a German-speaking Moravian scientist and Augustinian friar who gained posthumous fame as the founder of the modern science of genetics. Though farmers had known for centuries

    ;
  • 43

    +
    1,157

    -
    420



    added by speroe
    [color=black !important]Alan Turing
    图灵Died at 42 (1912-1954)Alan Mathison Turing, OBE, FRS was a British pioneering computer scientist, mathematician, logician, cryptanalyst, philosopher, mathematical biologist, and marathon and ultra distance runner. He was

    ;
  • 44

    +
    810

    -
    484



    often listed&ranked high on reranks
    [color=black !important]Arthur Schopenhauer
    叔本华Died at 72 (1788-1860)Arthur Schopenhauer was a German philosopher best known for his book, The World as Will and Representation, in which he claimed that our world is driven by a continually dissatisfied will, continually

    ;
  • 45

    +
    638

    -
    246




    [color=black !important]Werner Heisenberg
    海森伯Died at 75 (1901-1976)Werner Karl Heisenberg was a German theoretical physicist and one of the key pioneers of quantum mechanics. He published his work in 1925 in a breakthrough paper. In the subsequent series of papers

    ;


  • 46

    +
    1,210

    -
    546




    [color=black !important]Alexander Graham Bell
      亚历山大.格林厄姆.贝尔Died at 75 (1847-1922)Alexander Graham Bell was an eminent Scottish-born scientist, inventor, engineer and innovator who is credited with inventing the first practical telephone. Bell's father, grandfather, and brother had

    ;
  • 47

    +
    1,022

    -
    383




    [color=black !important]Michael Faraday
    法拉第Died at 76 (1791-1867)Michael Faraday FRS was an English scientist who contributed to the fields of electromagnetism and electrochemistry. His main discoveries include those of electromagnetic induction, diamagnetism and

    ;
  • 48

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    786

    -
    300




    [color=black !important]Blaise Pascal
    帕斯卡Died at 39 (1623-1662)Blaise Pascal was a French mathematician, physicist, inventor, writer and Christian philosopher. He was a child prodigy who was educated by his father, a tax collector in Rouen. Pascal's earliest work

    ;
  • 49

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    940

    -
    429




    [color=black !important]Dante Alighieri
    但丁Died at 56 (1265-1321)Durante degli Alighieri, simply called Dante, was a major Italian poet of the late Middle Ages. His Divine Comedy, originally called Comedìa and later called Divina by Boccaccio, is widely

    ;
  • 50

    +
    640

    -
    310



    why is this #50?
    [color=black !important]Fyodor Dostoyevsky
    陀思妥耶夫斯基Died at 60 (1821-1881)Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoyevsky, sometimes transliterated Dostoevsky, was a Russian novelist, short story writer, essayist, journalist and philosopher. Dostoyevsky's literary works explore human



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